The Senate 60 Vote Rule discussion.
Yes, the smaller states do get the same votes (two senators from each state) as the bigger states and can filibuster legislative agenda.
We do have a similar issue, although of not the same magnitude, with the US Electoral College system where one can lose the popular vote but still win.
The 60 Vote rule apparently can be changed by the senate and it has been in the past (2013).
However, the above change from 60 to 51 vote was for presidential nominees excluding US Supreme Court judges.
So it appears, the agreement right now might be for the Senate to change the 60 Vote rule to 51 for Appropriation legislative voting as well?
The Nuclear Option?